ICCCFS Recommendations

The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) jointly hosted the International Conference on Climate Change and Food Security (ICCCFS) November 6-8, 2011 in Beijing, China. This conference provided a forum for leading international scientists and young researchers to present their latest research findings, exchange their research ideas, and share their experiences in the field of climate change and food security. The event included technical sessions, poster sessions, and social events. (View some of the presentations here.) The conference results and recommendations were presented at the global climate talks in Durban, South Africa during an official side event on December 1. Read news coverage of the recommendations here.

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BASIC Climate Change Ministers Meeting in South Africa

Climate change ministers from the four BASIC countries--South Africa, India, China, and Brazil--will meet in Johannesburg, South Africa July 12-13 to discuss  progress made on the implementation of the Durban Platform. They will also discuss the upcoming climate change meetings in Qatar.  Representatives of Algeria, The Gambia, Nauru, Qatar, and Swaziland will also attend the meeting. Read more about the 11th BASIC Ministerial climate change meeting here.

South Africa, India, China, and Brazil--as well as Russia--also comprise the BRICS bloc of countries. BRICS, as well as Indonesia and the United States, were the focus of the International Conference on Climate Change and Food Security (ICCCFS), which took place in Beijing, China November 6-8, 2011.

 

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Challenges Facing Agriculture: Population

The papers presented at the International Conference on Food Security and Climate Change highlighted many daunting challenges facing agriculture’s capacity to meet the world’s food security needs over the next four decades. A series of occasional blog posts will attempt to summarize some of the key challenges that countries will face in the near future, and how these challenges are going to affect agriculture and food security. The first challenge addressed is the growing world population.

Food insecurity (malnutrition, undernourishment, famine, etc.) has many causes; the available food supply is only one contributing factor. Economists have pointed out that famine is as much a political and social issue as it is a production and supply issue. Case in point, the world population recently passed the 7 billion mark, and while we produce enough food to feed everyone, market failures (i.e. poor transportation infrastructure, trade barriers) prevent the adequate distribution of essential food-stuffs to millions of people. In fact, more than 21% of children under 5 are malnourished worldwide, with almost 14% of the 7 billion people suffering from undernourishment. There are many factors that contribute to food insecurity worldwide, such as poverty, climatic shocks, and political instability. The following examples illustrate how these factors have influenced food insecurity in the past. Continue reading

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BRICS Leaders Speak Out on International Finance, Trade, Fossil Fuels

Leaders of the bloc of five major developing countries known as BRICS called today for reforms to the global financial system. Representatives of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa meeting in Dehli, India repeated their request to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to grant greater voting rights and representation to developing countries. They also discussed their intent to launch a BRICS-led bank to fund developing world projects, and, acknowledging the need to "breathe life into the Doha Round", they resolved to increase trade among the bloc.

Though climate change was not a central issue, India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said in his statement about the summit that BRICS is devoted to sustainable development.  "[E]ach of our countries is grappling with how to pursue 'green' growth without compromising on current needs," he wrote. "At the core of this complex issue is the use of fossil energy and the impact that it has on the environment."

Collectively, the BRICS countries represent half of the world's population and about 40 percent of the world's GDP.  The bloc has become increasingly influential voices at the global climate change talks.

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Conference Presentation: India’s Food Security and Climate Change

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Conference Presentation: The United States’ Food Security and Climate Change

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Conference Presentation: Brazil’s Food Security and Climate Change

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Conference Presentation: Russia’s Food Security and Climate Change

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Conference Presentation: Indonesian Food Security and Climate Change

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Conference Presentation: South African Food Security and Climate Change

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Conference Presentation: Food Security, Farming, and Climate Change to 2050

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